Industrial Robots are automatic devices, which to an extent simulate the human behavior or more specifically human activity. Robots are important part of the science of Automation. Automation involves machines and computers that are capable of learning and performing various types of operations. The word robot has been derived from the Czech word ”robota” meaning compulsory labor. The robots are used in industries to perform various functions like material handling, spot welding, spray painting, die casting, ironing, forging, assembly operations, palletizing, dispensing, testing, water jet cutting, picking and placing heavy goods etc.
Automated 3D Position Detection. 3D vision systems detect the position and shape of an object in three dimensions using specialised cameras and lasers. They determine the starting point, overall length and rotation of a component, and transmit this data to industrial robots for fast and efficient handling. 3D vision systems enable the automated, reliable handling of different sized objects.
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Device assembly and microscopic medical procedures are two of the applications relying on the existence of industrial robotics. These modern devices are much different than the other sub-classes of robots you have heard or learned about. Since it is an industrial robot, expect that the additional components and mechanisms are made to complement the requirements of any industry. Industrial robotic systems work through complicated network configurations that adapt to the business where it will be conducting its work.
NPR Planet Money Correspondent Adam Davidson tackled the issue of manufacturing in the United States by examining the history of manufacturing in one town-Greenvile County, South Carolina. Greenvile used to be a textile manufacturing town where communities were defined by what factory you worked for. The jobs were great for people with little education. It was common for people to drop out of high school in order to start work. Manufacturing jobs in the United States was always a great option for people who might be unable or unwilling to go to college and get a law or business degree. Manufacturing gave a certain sect of the American population a chance at the American Dream. Over the years, as textile manufacturing jobs continued to be outsourced overseas, the factories began to close.
Machine vision has a wide range of applications in industrial automation: 2D Robot Vision. 2D vision systems use line-scan or area-scan cameras to capture photographic images that contain width and length, but no depth. By processing these images, they measure the visible characteristics of an object, and feed robotic handling systems data on its position, rotational orientation, and type.