U.S. manufacturing is much more automated than it was thirty years ago. Automation equipment, such as welding robots, perform the manufacturing tasks. Human workers maintain and program the robots. This requires a lot of technical knowledge. The demand of robot programmers is high.
For companies to succeed, along with trying to create a fully employed economy, the biggest factor is cost efficiency. More and more companies rely on the cheapest alternative to produce outputs, in hopes of earning profits. Boston Consulting Group reports that it costs roughly $8 an hour to use a robot for spot welding in the auto industry, compared to $25 for a worker.
In addition to cost efficiency, high-tech training for certain manufacturing jobs would be very scarce to come by. The automated, hyper-efficient shop floors of modern manufacturing won’t give Trump much room to deliver on his promises to bring back millions of jobs for his blue-collar supporters. Instead of companies investing in robots to give them better returns in the future, they would have to invest in training programs to help accommodate workers that need the training for more complex jobs. Specifically, for more digitalized companies, the margin for investing in training compared to that of robotic costs would be very high, to the point where it wouldn’t even make much sense to invest in job-specific training.
Additional components also make-up these industrial robotic systems. These minor components are regarded small yet very essential in making the system function. One of the secondary features known as the robotic manipulator acts as the mechanical arm thereby functioning in wide range of motions. The manipulator also has another smaller component known as the effector. This element is capable of moving far beyond than the robotic manipulator and is a very flexible component of the system.
Machine vision systems store inspection results in a database along with serial numbers, which makes components easy to trace. They work on multiple seams of different types, shapes and sizes, and operate at high speed. The automotive industry uses automated weld inspection and optimization systems extensively to ensure vehicles are of high quality and safe to drive.