Some industrial robots carry out repetitive actions without variation, such as in typical ’pick and place’ applications. These actions are determined by programmed routines that specify the direction, velocity, acceleration, deceleration, and distance of a series of coordinated movements.
Job-specific training brings value to companies but can be very complicated when it comes to making sure every worker has had the best training possible to effectively produce the best products for customers. Especially in the manufacturing industry, efficiency is key and if products are not consistent with quality, they will be worse off in the economy.
Pharmaceutical companies use machine vision systems in automated production lines to inspect injection needles, which are unusable if blunt or bent. Multiple cameras photograph needles as they flow through the system on powered conveyors. Sophisticated computer software analyses the captured images to determine needle sharpness and check the contour of the tube. Industrial robots use this information to separate and discard defect needles.
Robots are made up of easily available materials. Steel, cast iron and aluminum are commonly used for making the arms and bases of robots. In mobile robots, rubber tires are fixed for smooth and quiet operation. Robots may be electronically operated and also laser or radio controlled. The exposed parts of the robot are enveloped with flexible neoprene sheaths and bellows.
Nearly every day a news story is published that proclaims the U.S. manufacturing industry is dead and little if any manufacturing hiring is occurring. Take these claims with a grain of salt. U.S. manufacturers are thriving. But they are not the low tech, unskilled-labor businesses of twenty or thirty years ago. They have integrated so much technology into the manufacturing process that they require highly trained employees.