Robots are also more reliable and secure than humans. They do exactly what they are instructed to do and nothing more. A central control person can manage up to 30 Robots, each performing the work of between 2 to 4 staff. This significantly reduces management costs and improves capacity planning accuracy.
The Obama administration is well aware of the high tech manufacturing competition in China and other Asian countries. In June 2011, President Obama launched the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership, a $500 million effort between the government, universities, and corporate America to invest in new technologies that could create manufacturing jobs in the Untied States.
Similarly, offshore manufacturers incur expenses like shipping, inventory, communication, travel, training, permits, duties, tariffs, compliance with import/export restrictions and others which they may not incur in their country. This in the long run pushes the production cost.
The industrial robots can be programmed for performing a single function at a time and can only perform that particular function till they are reprogrammed. The cost of a robot is not very huge, but generally the cost of programming the robot is so high that instead of reprogramming it the manufacturers find it more economical to buy a new one for a different task. In simpler terms we can say that usually the cost of the robot is just a fraction of the cost of programming it.
Think about the current industrial revolution. Before the invention of the automobile, buggy whip manufacturing was a thriving business. No longer. In the same vein, industrial robots hold the promise of eliminating many of the existing jobs in manufacturing. Innovation, centers of excellence. New enterprises promise to replace many of the existing jobs. People need to be flexible, to develop new industries.