Invention of Robots has brought about revolutionary changes in the field of industrial manufacturing. In the earlier part of the century humans were engaged in jobs, which were very dangerous and involved serious health hazards, but in 1956, Unimation a company founded by George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger invented the first robot. These were initially used in industries where it was required that dangers involved in working should be reduced like in spot welding, die casting and forging and then gradually they were employed in areas requiring greater strength and accuracy than human beings.
Machine vision systems for weld inspection comprise a sensor mounted on a robotic arm. A laser in the sensor projects a line of light across the surface of a component joint, a technique known as laser triangulation. At the same time, a high-speed camera, also housed in the sensor, captures an image of the line as an elevation profile. Through the relative motion of the component and the sensor, the system builds a 3D image of the welded seam surface.
NPR Planet Money Correspondent Adam Davidson tackled the issue of manufacturing in the United States by examining the history of manufacturing in one town-Greenvile County, South Carolina. Greenvile used to be a textile manufacturing town where communities were defined by what factory you worked for. The jobs were great for people with little education. It was common for people to drop out of high school in order to start work. Manufacturing jobs in the United States was always a great option for people who might be unable or unwilling to go to college and get a law or business degree. Manufacturing gave a certain sect of the American population a chance at the American Dream. Over the years, as textile manufacturing jobs continued to be outsourced overseas, the factories began to close.
Analysts say that the use of robots has moved away from the large, expensive machines used for the most recent years in industries such as the automotive sector, to much more complicated robots that are more capable of completing more complex tasks. This enhances the competition inside the economy, basically providing a staple to go off of. Without scaling up to competition, companies can have severe, negative impacts as a result of not competing with industry innovation. According to Boston Consulting Group, investment into robots will rise 2-to-3 percent annually. Taking away one of the major staples to the manufacturing industry, and having blue-collar working people, would stop this annual growth and have an impact on the economy and competition.
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