Robotic process automation refers to the use of software programs to perform tasks that have been previously performed exclusively by humans or at least, thought to be only possible to have been done by humans. These programs, referred to by the moniker ‘bots’, can be programmed to perform a variety of tasks. The so called ‘dumb’ bots can perform simple tasks like controlling and maintaining systems, monitoring levels and other mundane tasks that do not require any decision making and fall within well-defined rules.
Industrial robots accomplish tasks such as painting, welding, assembly, and product inspection with speed and precision. They do not tire like humans and perform repetitive actions reliably without getting bored, which leads to high productivity at a low cost. These attributes make industrial robots invaluable to manufacturers in many industries.
Other robots use machine vision systems to perform complex tasks, such as weld inspection and optimization in the automotive industry. These usually involve elaborate actions and motion sequences, which the robot may even have to identify itself.
Think about the current industrial revolution. Before the invention of the automobile, buggy whip manufacturing was a thriving business. No longer. In the same vein, industrial robots hold the promise of eliminating many of the existing jobs in manufacturing. Innovation, centers of excellence. New enterprises promise to replace many of the existing jobs. People need to be flexible, to develop new industries.
Efficient systems. Finance and accounting groups often need to access and consolidate information from a range of different applications and systems. This tedious work, often involving intermediate spreadsheets, can present high workloads at month end, the end of a quarter and year end. Robots perform this work fast and seamlessly, as if there was really just one integrated system. Robots can be configured and trained to do this work in a matter of weeks, when it would take years for an IT group to integrate the disparate systems to the same degree.