Industrial robots are commonly used to locate ships, control and clean nuclear waste, to discover and study underwater mineral deposits, and for volcanic examination. They are also used in space voyages and for the exploration and study of planets. In the medical field, industrial robots have been used to support surgeons and to assist with operations. Of late, robot technology has developed to the point where these appliances can operate on patients independently, with the doctor controlling it located in another part of the world.
Invention of Robots has brought about revolutionary changes in the field of industrial manufacturing. In the earlier part of the century humans were engaged in jobs, which were very dangerous and involved serious health hazards, but in 1956, Unimation a company founded by George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger invented the first robot. These were initially used in industries where it was required that dangers involved in working should be reduced like in spot welding, die casting and forging and then gradually they were employed in areas requiring greater strength and accuracy than human beings.
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Offshore manufacturing can make better sense if the overseas company is located close to where they have a bigger percentage of the target market. For instanceFind Article, Japanese automotive companies like the makers of the Toyota car are setting their manufacturing plant in America where they have a huge market while they export other units home and to the rest of the world.
Other robots use machine vision systems to perform complex tasks, such as weld inspection and optimization in the automotive industry. These usually involve elaborate actions and motion sequences, which the robot may even have to identify itself.
The Washington Post reported that over the last 10 years the United States lost more than a quarter of its manufacturing jobs. Although we are all aware it’s cheaper to manufacture products overseas, Washington Post reporter Peter Whoriskey explains that Asia is producing an ever-increasing workforce armed with engineering doctorates. China and other Asian countries are also flowing millions of dollars into high tech research in order to compete with the tech industry in the United States. For example, over the last 10 years China doubled the number of engineering doctorates awarded.